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Black Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare)

The Black Angelfish or Pterophyllum scalare is one of the most popular and easy to care for freshwater fish in the world. This species of Angelfish has a black body with very long, thin fins.  They are not a very large fish, growing to about 6" in maximum length, but as you can see they are as long as they are tall.

If you are thinking of buying a Black Angelfish make sure that you have an aquarium of at least 30 gallons with the following water conditions, 75-82° F, KH 1-5 and pH 5.8-7.0. Like with plenty of other fish, these Angels like to have lots of room for swimming and a few places to hide out in.


This species of Angelfish is considered to be fairly easy to breed. If you have multiple Angelfish, wait till they pair off and then separate them into another aquarium. Be sure there is some sort of flat surface in the tank or the females will not lay their eggs. When the female Black Angelfish does choose a spot, the male performs a rather odd courting dance captured in the video below.


It only takes about 3 days before the eggs hatch and you will see the newborn fry. They should be fed newly hatched brine shrimp until they are able to eat flake foods. Once they grow bigger they develop an omnivorous diet including vegetables and meaty foods. Brine Shrimp and Bloodworms along with flake food is acceptable as well.

POP QUIZ: Can you identify the other species of Angelfish in the video above? 

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