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Showing posts with label Edible. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Edible. Show all posts

Peacock Flounder (Bothus mancus)

The Peacock Flounder or Bothus mancus is a master of camouflage. These saltwater fish found in the Indo-Pacific have the ability to constantly change colors and patterns to match the sea floor. A recent scientific study has proven that it takes just 8 seconds for their bodies to completely blend into their surroundings! Scientists even used a checker board, which the flounder matched with ease. You can see this amazing transformation for yourself in the video below.
Like other species of Flounder, these fish start their lives with eyes on BOTH sides of their bodies, but as they grow older these eyes actually move to one side to give them the ability to settle down flat on the surface and blend in. When in danger these fish will bury themselves in the sandy bottom with just their eyes exposed. This particular flounder can grow to about 18" (45cm) in length and is quite edible.  It is sometimes known as the Flowery Flounder and is a flatfish from the Bothidae (lefteye flounders) family.

If you have any any additional information about the Peacock Flounder please leave us a comment below.

Dwarf Wrymouth (Cryptacanthodes aleutensis)

The Dwarf Wrymouth or Cryptacanthodes aleutensis is one of the four species of Wrymouth found in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This particular species is found in the Pugent Sound area.  These saltwater fish have an eel-like elongated body that lacks any scales. They have a pinkish or reddish coloration with long dorsal and anal fins that on at the base of the tale. Dwarf Wrymouth grow to about 1' in length and are often seen buried in the soft sentiment at the bottom of the ocean with its eyes pointing upwards waiting for potential prey to swim by.  Pictured below is an unspecified species of Wrymouth with just it's head sticking out of the sand.
In the video below you can see a different species of Wrymouth, the Giant Wrymouth or Cryptacanthodes giganteus...

Little more is known about the Dwarf Wrymouth, but if you have any additional information feel free to share in the comments below.



Mozambique Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)

The Mozambique Tilapia or Oreochromis mossambicus is just one of the 100s of different Cichlid species of fish known as Tilapia. This particular species goes by a couple different names including Blue Kurper, Tilapia Kafuensis, Kafue Bream and the Three Spotted Tilapia. This species is native to Southern Africa and is found in many tropical areas around the world, where it is used for aquaculture. Like other Tilapia, they are able to survive in very harsh conditions compared to many other freshwater fish. It can adapt to temperatures below 50 °F (10 °C) and above 100 °F (38 °C), and can also tolerate brackish waters. They also will eat a large variety of foods, which not only makes them a perfect candidate for fish farming, but also difficult to get rid of when introduced to the wrong area.  These fish are considered to be an invasive species in parts of the world where they have been introduced to control mosquitoes.

These fish are not particular large, only grow to about 14" (35cm) in length and weighing in at 2-1/2 lbs (1.13KG). They can live for about 11 years.  Like other species of Cichlids, these fish are mouth brooders, which means that after the eggs are laid and fertilized the female will then scoop them up into her mouth for protection until they hatch.  You can check out the Mozambique Tilapia underwater in the video below.

If you have any additional information about the Mozambique Tilapia please leave us a comment below.

California Sheephead (Semicossyphus pulcher)

The California Sheephead or Semicossyphus pulcher is just one of the over 600 different species of Wrasse. This saltwater fish is found in the eastern Pacific Ocean, often in kelp forests or around rocky reefs. The male California Sheephead is black, with a white jaw and red body.  The female is pink in coloration. Juveniles are bright red with a white stripe down its body, and a black spot on the caudal fin. All California Sheepheads start out their lives as females, but then some change to males when they are about half grown. As you can imagine with their great variation in color between the sexes this is quite the transformation to be seen.
These fish can reach lengths of 36" (92cm) and weigh in at 35lbs (16kg). California Sheephead feed on sea urchins, molluscs, lobsters, and crabs. As you can see in the picture below these fish have an impressive set of chompers which allows them to eat such hard shelled crustaceans. 
You can check out the California Sheephead in action along with a bunch of other species in the video below.

If you have any additional information about the California Sheephead please leave us a comment below.

Kelp Bass (Paralabrax clathratus)

The Kelp Bass or Paralabrax clathratus is a saltwater fish that is found in the eastern North Pacific Ocean. This fish is also called the Calico Bass, and is found in and around kelp beds. They are also seen in rocky, shallow waters.  You can check out the Calico Bass in action in the video below.

Kelp Bass can reach lengths of about 28-1/2" (72cm), and can live to be about 34 years old. These fish are quite edible and are also fun to catch, with a decent fight for their size. This fish will feed on crustaceans, squid and small fish. They will spawn in the warmer summer months in deep water. Once the babies are developed they will take shelter in the kelp. They are known to become quite territorial while spawning and there are even a few storied of these fish biting humans.
If you have any additional information about the Kelp Bass please leave us a comment below.

Atlantic Bigeye (Priacanthus arenatus)

The Atlantic Bigeye or Priacanthus arenatus is a saltwater fish that is found in small schools, in and around reefs. These fish can grow to about 12" in length and are generally more active in the night then in the daytime. This species of Bigeye feeds on crustaceans, small fish and polychaetes. They fall prey to larger fish such as Triggerfish and some sharks.

Atlantic Bigeye have the ability to change colors from a dark red, to a light pink within seconds! Some think that this is a form of communication to others in the group, but no one really knows for sure. Found in the tropical waters of the Western Atlantic, these fish are quite edible and are considered to have a great flavor.  You can view an Atlantic Bigeye underwater in the video below.

If you have any additional information about the Atlantic Bigeye please leave us a comment below.

Logperch (Percina caprodes)

The Logperch or Percina caprodes is sometimes known as the Common Logperch, Manitou Darter and the Zebra Fish. This is one of the eleven different species of Logperch from the Percidae family. This is the most widespread of the Logperches and is found in many places in the eastern United States and Canada. They typical inhabit gravel streams or lakes and can grow to about 7" (18cm) in length. As you can see in the pictures, they have a skinny body that is covered with vertical bars and a subterminal mouth, which simply means pointing downward, towards the bottom. These fish are scavengers that will  turn over as many as ten small rocks per minute searching for food.  You can watch these hard workers, as well as some other unidentified species in the video below.

Logperch are not listed as an endangered species, but increasing damming and the introduction of the invasive species the Round Goby makes them very vulnerable.  Like other Darters, they are not schooling fish and are often seen alone or in a small group.  They are an important part of the ecosystem and fall prey to birds, Largemouth Bass, Lake Trout, Walleye, Pike, Rock Bass and Burbot.  They are edible, but are not normally caught by fisherman due to their small size.     
POP QUIZ: Can you name the other species of fish in the video featured above?

Copper Rockfish (Sebastes caurinus)

The Copper Rockfish or Sebastes caurinus is a widespread saltwater fish that is found off the Pacific Coast of North America. The species of Rockfish from the Sebastidae family can grow up to 22 inches (56cm) in length and weigh just over 10lbs.  The female Copper Rockfish is normally a bit larger then the male. They are found in depths of up to 600', normally near the bottom in and around rocks. These fish can range in color from a dark reddish brown, with pale copper blotching along the sides, to a lighter pinkish brown with a yellowish white mottling on the flanks.
Copper Rockfish will feed on crustaceans and small fish, while falling prey to sea birds and larger fish including Lingcod and Salmon. They reach sexual maturity in their fourth year and are viviparous giving live birth after the fish develops inside the mother for a period of 10 months. Considered to be quite tasty, this fish is often sought after and is said to put up a good fight for its relatively small size.  You can check out the Copper Rockfish swimming in the Pacific Ocean in the video below.

If you have any additional information about the Cooper Rockfish please leave us a comment below.

French Angelfish (Pomacanthus paru)

 The French Angelfish or Pomacanthus paru is a saltwater fish from the family Pomacanthidae. This species of Angelfish inhabits the western Atlantic from Florida and the Bahamas to Brazil. It is also found in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. French Angelfish are most often seen in depths of between 2 and 100 m and can grow up to 16" (41 cm). This species is monogamous, staying with the same partner and defending its territory together against other couples. They are often caught around reefs and are considered to be quite tasty.
When these fish are young they act as cleaner fish, removing parasites and other "food" from the bodies of other fish including jacks, snappers, morays, grunts, tangs, and wrasses. The fish that wants to be cleaned does a dance of sorts to let the French Angelfish know they would like to be serviced. You can check out a Tang fish getting cleaned by a juvenile French Angelfish in the video below.
If you have any additional information about the French Angelfish please leave us a comment below.

Striped Mullet (Mugil cephalus)

The Striped Mullet or Mugil cephalus is a fish from the Mugilidae family which consists of about 70 different species.  Striped Mullet fish are bluish gray or green along the back with silver on the sides and a white underbelly.  They have a series of black horizontal bars that run down their bodies with a small mouth and blunt nose.

Also known as the Black Mullet, Sea Mullet and Fatback, this fish can grow to about 3' in length and and weigh up to 12lbs.  These fish can survive in both freshwater and saltwater and are found in the Pacific Ocean and many warm seas throughout the world.

Striped Mullet are schooling fish that are often seen leaping out of the water.  These fish will ingest mud from the bottom and work it through their gill rakers and teeth, filtering out the plant and animal material and spitting out the rest.  They are said to have gizzard-like stomachs for grinding food up.  You can check out a large group of Striped Mullet in the video below.      

If you have any additional information about the Striped Mullet please leaves us a comment below.

Gray Snapper (Lutjanus griseus)

The Gray Snapper or Lutjanus griseus is thought to be one of the more intelligent fish in the ocean. This saltwater fish has the ability to change it coloration to a bright red to blend in with its surroundings and avoid potential predators. Also known as the Mangrove Snapper, Mango Snapper, Grey Snapper, Black Snapper, Lowyer or Cabellerote they grow to about 35.4 inches (90cm) and can weigh in at as much as 29.5 pound (13.4 kg). This fish has a continuous dorsal fin with 10 spines, the fourth of which is the longest.

The Gray Snapper will feed mostly on small fish and crustaceans. It is prized for its tasty flesh and considered to be a difficult fish to catch. The best bait to catch this species of Snapper is minnows, shrimp or squid. Sometimes chum is used to attract these Snappers.  You can learn more about the Gray Snapper in the videos below.

If you have any additional information about the Gray Snapper please leave us a comment below.

Pacific Sanddab (Citharichthys sordidus)

The Pacific Sanddab or Citharichthys sordidus is a Flatfish that is found in the Sea of Japan, Aleutian Islands, Bering Sea and other places in the Pacific Ocean. Like other Flatfish, they begin their lives with eyes on both sides of their heads, but this quickly changes and they end up with both eyes on one side. This odd trait helps them see their potential prey from the sea floor with ease.
Pacific Sanddab are light brown in coloration with an oval body and very large scales. They can grow to about 41 cm (16 inches) and weigh in at 2lbs. They are sometimes known as Nottled Sanddab, Soft Flounder or Melgrim and are considered to be very tasty! This saltwater fish will feed on octopus, crustaceans and small fish and are normally found in depths of 50–150 meters.  You can check out the Pacific Sanddab underwater in the video below.

If you have any additional information about the Pacific Sanddab please leave us a comment below.

Freshwater Drum (Aplodinotus grunniens)

The Freshwater Drum or Aplodinotus grunniens is a freshwater fish found in many places in North and Central America.  This fish goes by many different names including Grunt, Wuss Fish, Shepherd's pie, Croaker, Silver Bass, Sheephead, Gray Bass, Gasper goo and Grinder. These fish have a swim bladder that allows them to make a grunting or croaking sound, hence their nicknames.
Freshwater Drum can grow to about 54lbs maximum and can live for over 70 years! Female Drums are almost always larger then their male counterparts. These fish are nocturnal and feed on insect larvae, mussels and small fish.  Freshwater Drum are considered to be quite edible, but some anglers are put off by their smell and mucus lining.  You can check out a Freshwater Drum in action in the video below.

If you have any additional information about the Freshwater Drum please leave us a comment.

Cocinero (Caranx vinctus)

The Cocinero or Caranx vinctus is relatively small saltwater fish from the Jack Family (Carangidae). Sometimes referred to as the Barred Jack or Striped Jack, this fish is found in the tropical waters of the eastern Pacific Ocean in coastal waters.

Cocinero fish can be identified by the 8 or 9 dark stripes that run along their sides. Theses fish can grow to about 15" (38cm) in length. They are carnivores that prey on smaller fish and crustaceans.

Cocinero are considered to be a great fish to eat in South America and are served fresh, dried or salted and caught with nets and spears.  If you have any additional information about the Cocinero please leave us a comment below.

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